Are you a Newbie to the photographic world and want to buy a DSLR lens or a DSLR camera or a mirrorless camera? But don’t know the important factors to consider when buying a DSLR lens? So, here is the DSLR buying guide just for you! Let’s hop on…
If you want to buy a DSLR camera or the best DSLR lens or mirrorless camera then you have to know its specifications. Right? But the confusion is there are many factors and key features to look at while choosing a perfect brand.
So while choosing the best DSLR lens or mirrorless DSLR camera you need to focus on certain factors so that you can get the best of the best DSLR or a mirrorless camera. The factors may be anything sensor size, aperture, ISO range, focal length, and so on.
Top brands include Canon, Nikon, Sony, etc. open their way of the availability of different kinds of cameras and lenses. Each has its own uniqueness in terms of features, performance, and price.
So here in this article, we have discussed the factors which you need to consider when buying a DSLR lens or a mirror-less DSLR camera. You can also find the difference between a DSLR and mirrorless camera as well.
DSLR Buying Guide
I. Things to consider before buying a dslr camera?
You might have already made up your mind that you are going to buy a DSLR camera for the upcoming festival. So, what to look at when buying a digital camera?
The following are the factors or things that you need to consider when buying a DSLR camera lens?
a) Sensor size
We all know that DSLR adds distinct picture quality to other types of cameras. In DSLRs, you generally get maximum exposure flexibility which makes them so unique.
The sensor size of DSLR cameras is one of the most important factors which one needs to consider when buying any type of DSLR lens.
On the sensors the photosites are present. If the surface area of a photo site is larger then it has the capability to record more light and information that goes to the image processor as a result of which your DSLR delivers better clarity pictures.
The larger sensor on your DSLR can give you clean and clear photos. The sensor also has the ability to behave differently to the different lighting conditions as well. While on the other hand, smaller sensors cannot reach every area of your images.
There are three popular sensor sizes available. Those are full-frame, APS-C, and Micro four-thirds.
The full-frame sensor size is the largest sensor size of about 35mm i.e. 36mm×24mm. These 35mm sensors can deliver better clarity than any other sensor. These sensors have a great dynamic range. In this sensor, no crop factors are used. That means generally what you see through a viewfinder is what you shoot the same. Though the full-frame cameras are a bit expensive but benefit the photographers exceptionally.
Now talking about the crop sensor or APS-C sensors, these sensors are generally found in most of the entry-level and mid-range cameras like Canon and Nikon, etc.
The APS-C sensor delivers 1.6crops that gives a perfect balance between picture quality and price. Generally, the APS-C cameras have a sensor size of 23.60×15.60mm. In the case of Canon’s APS-C, the sensor size is 22.20mm×14.80mm. The APS-C formats are also good for photographers and videographers as well.
In Micro, four third sensors the sensor size is about 17.30mm×13.00mm which are mostly used by the Olympus and Panasonic cameras. The MFT sensor size delivers a 2× crop which uses a 4:3 image aspect ratio that is suitable for videography. Along with this, the MFTs also come with more frame rate speeds and video resolution.
The final verdict is if you want better photos to go for full-frame and for better videos go for the MFT. If you want both the best photography and videography then APS-C is the best one.
Depending upon your usage you need to consider the type of DSLR lens. If you are looking for only photography then your DSLR must-have camera modes which include night, portrait, HD, HDR, etc. Apart from that from a photographic point of view, you should also consider built-in flash and photo editing features as well.
If your usage is mostly videography then you should consider the resolution at which your DSLR shoots and also the frame rate speed it offers. For example, the most preferred camera between Canon 70D and Canon 77D is Canon 77D. It is because the Canon 77D shoots 1080p videos at 60fps which is pretty smoother as compared to the Canon 70D which shoots 1080p videos at 30fps.
c) Megapixel resolution
Apart from the sensor size, Megapixel resolution also contributes to the degree of clarity. It is a misconception that the more the no. of megapixels the more the DSLR gives you better clarity.
You have also seen those camera manufacturers advertise the megapixel resolution in most of their marketing. More megapixels are not necessarily required to get the best clarity images, rather, an 8 megapixel will do a great job for fine images.
These days most of the entry-level DSLR come with 15 MP or more than 15 MP resolution. So, don’t bother about the megapixel when buying a DSLR lens. They all are good in resolution.
d) Modes and features
There are a number of modes available on the DSLRs which include action, night, portrait, landscape mode, etc. Apart from that most of the entry-level cameras also have great modes which include auto, Panorama view, etc. You can also check that before buying a DSLR lens.
Yes, of course, manual modes are also available but if you are a newbie and just don’t know much about the camera settings then an auto mode is quite effective for you.
Apart from that some of the DSLRs also come with photo editing features that enable you to edit directly on the screen.
It is obvious that editing is best in software but while playing with the DSLR you can also enjoy the in-built photo editing feature as well.
While DSLR cameras come with a world of possibilities, these certainly open their options for a variety of lenses. A good selection of lenses for your DSLR can give you the optimum result.
Canon, Nikon, Sony are the well-known brands that offer a kit lens which is an 18-55mm zoom lens. And of course, the Nikon Lenses are quite affordable than Canon and Sony lenses.
However, if you have a good budget then go for a cheaper body DSLR and invest a lot in buying a good DSLR lens. Otherwise, along with the kit lens, you can also go for 50mm f/1.8 that can bring you good pictures as well.
Before you buy a DSLR make sure you are choosing a DSLR that has very good ergonomics. Apart from that also check if there are dedicated microphones, HDMI ports, and custom buttons.
Although most of the entry-level DSLR is pretty good in design and handling, many photographers sometimes find it difficult while capturing the best shots. So, while buying a camera you should have to prioritize certain things which include camera grip, the controls found on the camera bodies, etc.
In addition to this go with a better LCD screen with a flip display that certainly makes things easier for you.
Talking about the body quality most of the entry-level cameras are made of polycarbonate bodies which makes those cameras lightweight. But those cameras are not as sturdy as high-level cameras.
So if you will invest more money you get high-quality cameras which will also have extra durability as well. But handling high-quality DSLR cameras might be difficult so depending upon your budget choose the best possible cameras.
2) Things to consider before buying a mirror less camera
It is undoubtedly mirrorless cameras that have gained a lot more attention due to their compact design and impressive features. Though these are not robust in design and have low battery life still mirrorless are improving day by day when it comes to features.
The mirrorless cameras have certain advantages which include silent shutter speed, no complicated mechanism, and are very light on weight which certainly helpful for photographers as well as videographers.
Whether you want to move away from DSLR or want to look for an interchangeable lens camera there are many options available in the market.
Choosing the best mirrorless from Sony, Canon, Fujifilm is way more difficult. So what to look for when buying a mirrorless camera? The following are the things to consider before buying a mirrorless.
The most affordable mirrorless is the entry-level mirrorless that is very small and lightest. These entry-level DSLRs have good automatic modes which are quite beneficial to use.
If you are a beginner photographer and want a good mirrorless at a lower cost then an entry-level DSLR is a must-have option for you.
But if you want to grow your photographic skills then you must consider advanced cameras as well.
Talking about the advanced mirrorless, these cameras have lower automatic controls but have faster autofocus and good overall performance than the entry-level mirrorless.
And also advanced mirror-less interchangeable lens cameras have pretty good full-frame sensors which can help you to take better pictures even in low lights. The high-end mirrorless is also highly durable and have weather-resistant features which you should consider as well.
Lenses are the most vital things to consider while choosing any interchangeable (lens) mirrorless camera. It is because lenses can have an overall impact on your image quality.
It has been seen that photographers have a tendency to buy lenses every year. So to keep in that mind choose the best possible mirrorless camera that has the largest option available for the lenses.
Apart from that, the lens compatibility should have to be checked and also while buying you also emphasize Lens weight as well.
There are also great options available for beginners as the entry-level mirrorless comes with a good kit lens with a good budget.
If you have great enthusiasm towards photography, better buy a camera and lens separately that can help you to find the best possible lenses on a tight budget.
As the mirrorless cameras are pretty lighter the lens you can only use the lighter one rather you can also go for a heavier one. But be careful while handling as the mirrorless are lighter.
Talking about the availability of lenses there are lots of options available for the mirrorless cameras.
c) Sensor size
Sensor size obviously determines the quality of the image and how mirrorless performs in low light.
The full-frame sensors are the important sensor size for most photographers which has the ability to accommodate more pixels and can give more detail and depth to your pictures.
But most mirrorless has APS-C and MFT sensors. An APS-C sensor is great for travel purposes. For street photography, it is also very useful.
As the mirrorless comes up with a good resolution you need not have be worried while buying a mirrorless. Every mirrorless come up these days have very good resolution
As mirrors are less light you can take them everywhere. Whether you are traveling or in the streets, the mirrorless can make things easier for you.
f) Weather sealing and construction
Most of the mirrorless are made of polycarbonate and metals. More added metals can make your mirrorless more durable. So choose the mirrorless which is made of more metals.
Apart from that in rainy seasons or wet conditions you might have to worry about your cameras. Make sure your camera gas weather sealing feature.
Good autofocus can capture fast-moving objects effectively. The better the autofocus performance the more clarity you can get. So make sure you have good autofocus performance.
h) Dual memory card
Make sure your mirrorless supports dual memory cards which can help you in case one gets corrupted.
i) Charging via USB
Suppose you are in an area where there is no electricity available and you are eagerly waiting to capture the best moments but your camera is running out of charge. If you have a power bank and your camera supports the USB cable then it could be great for you. So, make sure your camera supports USB charging.
j) Battery life
Suppose you have to shoot all day long and it will be a bit difficult for you as mirrorless has low battery life as compared to the DSLRs. But things are improving so as mirrorless. So choose the camera which has the longest battery life.
K) Startup time
As street photographers need instant capturing of photos because there are a lot more happenings on the streets, choose a DSLR that has little start-up time.
Apart from all above the things the in-body stabilization also matters to the clarity of images. When it comes to body stabilization the Sony mirrorless is great option for photography enthusiasts.
DSLR v Mirrorless
The most common difference between DSLR and mirrorless is that DSLR involves a mirror mechanism where mirrorless doesn’t have a mirror. In the case of DSLR, the ray of light first falls on the mirror and sends it to the prism where it gets processed and can be seen through the viewfinder. When we click the button the camera goes up and light falls on the sensor that means we get a reflected image on a DSLR.
Whereas in the case of mirrorless there is no mirror that means the ray of light directly falls on the sensor and you can easily visualize the desired through the electronic viewfinder.
Talking about the shutter mechanism, the DSLR involves a mechanical shutter that is too noisy while capturing shots. It is because of the camera mechanism. On the other hand, mirrorless has an electronic shutter that produces almost no sound and no camera shaking. So you can enjoy silent clicks on the mirrorless cameras.
Talking about the build quality the DSLR has a robust design and you can not get any scratches unless you have heavy damage. The DSLR has more weight as compared to the Mirrorless as the DSLR involves a mirror mechanism.
Talking about the lenses, the DSLR can tolerate heavier lenses than the mirrorless. As mirrorless is lighter there is always a fear of using heavy lenses.
Talking about the buttons and joysticks DSLR has more options for buttons and joysticks which you can find convenient while using. Whereas mirrorless lacks buttons but it is constantly improving in years to come. Another disadvantage of mirrorless cameras are sensors found on the mirrorless are more prone to dust as it lacks a mirror. The gathering of dust is more while changing the lenses.
Talking about the autofocus, the autofocus is more powerful in DSLR as compared to the Mirrorless. But the mirrorless is not so far behind the DSLRs as it is constantly improving its autofocus.
The 4k videos are well suited for the mirrorless as compared to the DSLRs. Talking about the battery life mirrorless has Lower battery life as it functions electronically.
In our opinion, if you are a beginner then you must go for a DSLR as there are plenty of options available to improve your photographic skills. And if you are a professional you can also choose a mirrorless as well. But mirrorless is not cheaper than DSLRs.
3) Things to know before buying a dslr camera lens
Buying a DSLR lens is as hectic as buying a mirrorless or DSLR camera. In the following DSLR lens buying guide, we have given a brief insight that could be helpful for you.
Before you choose a particular DSLR lens you need to focus on certain things which includes
A) Type of photography
B)Zoom lens or prime lens
C) Focal length
D) Maximum aperture
E) Autofocus ability
F) Special-purpose lens
G) Optical image stabilization
H) Weather sealing feature
I) Build quality
J) Acronyms associated with the lens
K ) Price
First of all, when you buy your first lens you have crystal clear for which photography you are going to use the lens. You can go for portrait, landscape, street, sports, astrophotography, wildlife, and sports photography.
The wide-angle Lenses are pretty effective for the wedding and astrophotography. Whereas for sports and wildlife photography you can go for the telephoto lens. For portraits, you can go for a standard prime or zoom as well.
Choosing a prime lens is good but if you have a zoom lens then you might explore more areas of photography.
Talking about the focal length, the focal length completely depends upon the perspective and type of photography. The lower focal length can cover wider areas. For example wide-angle lenses. If you buy a longer focal length lens then you can certainly freeze the object from a very far away which can be seen in wildlife and sports photography.
Whereas the shorter focal length gives a wider field of view and maximum bokeh effect.
Apart from that, the aperture is also an important factor. Lower the aperture value larger the aperture openings. As a result, more light receives your DSLR and you get a perfect picture in low light. Whereas high-value apertures perform well when brighter lights are available.
The next thing is autofocus. If you have dedicated autofocus then you can get good pictures even in the worst conditions as well.
Optical image stabilization is another feature that you have to consider because that can reduce camera shaking and can give you well-corrected images.
If your DSLR has weather sealing and has good build quality then that can be more durable. So consider this as well.
Another thing is the lens mount. whether your lens metal mount or bayonet mount feature. The metal mount gives longer durability.
The Lens also comes with a variety of acronyms which you have to consider before buying a DSLR lens. Talking about lens format, Nikon uses the acronym FX for full-frame cameras and DX for crop sensor cameras. Whereas Canon uses EF for the full-frame and EF-S for the crop sensor cameras.
In the case of Tamron, Di and Dii are acronyms used for the full-frame and APS-C cameras. In Sigma the acronym DG is for full-frame and DC for APS-C.
Apart from that, the acronyms are also used in image stabilization as well. In the case of Nikon, the image stabilization is represented as VR. whereas, in the case of Canon, Tamron and Tokina the used acronyms are are, VC and VCM respectively. So do consider that.
Apart from all of that you can also go for third-party lenses as well. The third-party lenses also come with good features.
Hope you might get your best answer regarding the best DSLR and mirrorless cameras.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. Is mirrorless better than DSLR?
A: Though mirrorless has gained more attention still they have their own advantages and disadvantages in their own respective. Both are good but depending upon your purpose and type of photography choose that carefully.
Q. Is DSLR still worth buying?
A: Yes, the DSLR opens a lot more options for your photographic skills. Undoubtedly you can get the best results so buying a DSLR is worthed.
Q. Which lens is best for model photography?
A: A standard prime or a zoom lens is great for model photography.
Q. Which company lenses are best?
A: It completely depends upon the features. However, you have always great options available from Canon, Nikon, Sony, and third party lenses
Q. Is Nikon or Canon better?
A: Though Nikon is a bit cheaper. Canon is also good at performance. As I said it completely depends on the features both brands are good at.
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